The blood sugar level, blood sugar concentration, or blood glucose level is the amount of glucose present in the blood of humans and other animals. Glucose is a simple sugar and approximately 4 grams of glucose are present in the blood of a 70-kilogram (150 lb) human at all times. The body tightly regulates blood glucose levels as a part of metabolic homeostasis. Glucose is stored in skeletal muscle and liver cells in the form of glycogen; in fasted individuals, blood glucose is maintained at a constant level at the expense of glycogen stores in the liver and skeletal muscle.
Human immunodeficiency virus infection and acquired immune deficiency syndrome (HIV/AIDS) is a spectrum of conditions caused by infection with the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). Following initial infection, a person may not notice any symptoms or may experience a brief period of influenza-like illness. Typically, this is followed by a prolonged period with no symptoms. As the infection progresses, it interferes more with the immune system, increasing the risk of developing common infections such as tuberculosis, as well as other opportunistic infections, and tumors that rarely affect people who have working immune systems.
The thyroid gland, or simply the thyroid, is an endocrine gland in the neck, consisting of two lobes connected by an isthmus. It is found at the front of the neck, below the Adam's apple. The thyroid gland secretes thyroid hormones, which primarily influence the metabolic rate and protein synthesis. The hormones also have many other effects including those on development. The thyroid hormones triiodothyronine (T3) and thyroxine (T4) are created from iodine and tyrosine. The thyroid also produces the hormone calcitonin, which plays a role in calcium homeostasis.
Digital radiography is a form of X-ray imaging, where digital X-ray sensors are used instead of traditional photographic film. Advantages include time efficiency through bypassing chemical processing and the ability to digitally transfer and enhance images.
The electrocardiogram (ECG or EKG) is a diagnostic tool that is routinely used to assess the electrical and muscular functions of the heart. While it is a relatively simple test to perform, the interpretation of the ECG tracing requires significant amounts of training.
Blood is collected from the patient and put into a test tube. The test tube is bar coded and put into the analyser for measurement. The WBC, RBC and PLT's are counted using the “Coulter principle” where the resistance of a circuit changes as the cells pass through a narrow aperture.
A coagulation test could provide diagnostic prevention from potentially heart attack-inducing blood clots. A coagulation analyzer can be used to measure a coagulation pathway speed, as well as thrombolin and thromboplastin levels in as low as a few minutes.
Hematology analyzers are specialized, automated systems that count leucocytes, red cells and platelets in blood, and also determine hemoglobin and hematocrit levels. Hematology technology has come a long way in a relatively short space of time.
A urine analyser is a device used in the clinical setting to perform automatic urine testing. The units can detect and quantify a number of analytes including bilirubin, protein, glucose and red blood cells.
Online Diagnostic Lab system is very much graceful and lively. Patients have to register to the portal by giving their details and then they can take appointment through online with minimal effort. Once appointment is confirm,diagnostic center send the technician to patient address to collect the blood sample. Once test is done and test report is generated patient can view the report by logged in to the portal, also one copy is automatically send to the patient mail id as a notification.