Brief History of District- Banka
The Banka Judgeship was inaugurated on 29.11.2014 by Hon’ble Chief Justice, High Court, Patna.
The district of Banka is situated in far south – east of the State Bihar. The eastern and southern border of the district coincides with district Godda of the state – Jharkhand. In west and north east it touches Jamui and Munger district respectively. The old district Bhagalpur is situated in the north side of Banka.
The geographical area of the district is 305621 hectare i.e. 3019.3465 Sq Km.
The district head quarter of Banka is situated in Banka town. The district has been established on 21st, February, 1991. Earlier it was a Sub-Division of a the district Bhagalpur.
Sub-divisions and Blocks
The district comprises only one sub-division, Banka, which is further divided into eleven blocks: Banka, Amarpur, Shambhuganj, Belhar, Fullidumar, Katoria, Chandan, Baunsi, Barahat, Dhoraiya, Rajoun
Road ways :-
Roads:- The Roads in the district consist of P.W.D. District Board roads, Municipal roads and Village roads,
Following are Black topped roads maintained by P.W.D. These are all state High ways.
1. Banka-Katoria – 32 KM
2. Banka -Amarpur- 19 KM
3. Bhagalpur -Bounsi 30 KM
4. Banka – Bounsi 18 KM
5. Banka Shambhuganj 46 KM
6. Banka- Belhar 38 KM
7. Banka – Rajoun 25 KM
8. Banka – Chandan 48 KM
9. Banka – Dhoraiya 48 KM
10. Banka – Barahat 10 KM
11. Banka – Fullidumer 27 KM
Rural area of the district is also connected with village roads from District H.Q.
A railway line connecting the existing Bhagalpur-Bounsi line to Rampurhat, which is well-connected to Howrah, is being developed, as is a line connecting Sultanganj to Jasidihthrough Banka. village Jagatpur should included where railway station banka situated
As per Provisional population figures of 2011 Census
|Administrative Division||Bhagalpur Division|
|Area||3,020 sq KM|
|No. of Blocks||11|
|No. of Municipal Corporations||2|
|No. of Villages||2000|
|Lok Sabha constituencies||Banka|
|Density||670/Km2 (1,700/sq mi)|
|Literacy||58.17 per cent|
|Average annual precipitation||1200 mm|
|Assembly seats||(05) Banka, Belhar, Amarpur, Katoriya, Dhoraiya.|
According to the 2011 census Banka district has a population of 2,029,339. The district has a population density of 672 inhabitants per square kilometre (1,740/sq mi). Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 26.14%. Banka has a sex ratio of 907 females for every 1000 males, and a literacy rate of 60.12%.
It has a population of 1,608,773 (as of 2001). There are 1,409,352 Hindus and 190,051 Muslims (11.81%).
Mines and Minerals:-
- Sand: – Chandan and Orhni rivers bring a large deposit of sand with its water in rainy reasons the district earns a large amount by auctioning these Ghats of sand.
- China Clay: – Among the minerals in the district deposits of China Clay, Fire Clay and Mica have been exploited. China Clay is found in Samukhiya near Banka and Satletwa in Katoriya circle China Clay of good quality is found in Patherghatta hill in village Madhorampur. The mining is worked by Bhagalpur Potteries Ltd. Resultantally a ceramic state has been established near Samukhiya. Fulhara in Katoriya circle has deposit of Mica also.
- Granite:- Deposit of Granite and Galena are also believed to occur in certain belts of Katoriya Block near Tonapathar.
- Industrialization:- The district Banka is Totally Backward in industrialization. Only Gur Producing Mills in Amarpur circle area based on sugarcane. A traditional Tasar cloth weaving is still doing well at village Ktoriya in Amarpur Block areas. The district administration has been active to promote this village silk weaving. There are almost thousand (1000) weavers families in the village Biraidih Churaili, Masuriya, Dumra, Jagay of Banka Urban areas. The family livelihoods are mainly dependent on Handlooms.
- Stone Crusher Industries: These cheap crusher industries are based at Bounsi.
- Shivshankar Chemicals works: It is an industry located in Rajoun circle near Border of Bhagalpur on Bhagalpur Hasdiha Road. Gur mills near Amarpur are 65 in numbers.
The climate of this district is characterized by hot Summer and a pleasant Winter Season. March to June comprises the summer months while the old season lasts from November to February. Monsoon sets in somtimes in the part of June and the rains continue till September, October being the transional month. The district also receive some winter rains. The south west monsoon generally breaks in during the second half of June. The bulk of rainfall occurs in July and August. The average annual rain fall is 1200 mm almost uniformly throughout the district. Kark Rekha passes through north part of the District so the temperature rises to 45 degrees Centigrade. In winter season the average temperature is 15 degrees Centigrade.
Wholesale traders are a little in the District. The facilities of retail trade in is available at Banka, Amarpur, Bounsi, Sahebgunj ( Belhar ) and Katoriya. The retailers of Banka district depend only on Bhagalpur market which is about 50 Kfrom Banka town. At all these places retails shops of almost all the commodities are found.
Languages used in the district include Angika, an Indo-Aryan language written in the Devanagari script and spoken by at least 725,000 people in the Angika Region.
The river Chanan is the largest river of the Hill streams in the district. It rises just in the north part of Deogher in Jharkhand state.
It passes near Banka and joins the Ganges at Ghogha ( Bhagalpur District ). The Chanan river scheme irrigates a large area of land in Banka district.
North part of Banka has generally a plain surface except the southern area adjoining Santhalpargana ( Jharkhand). The land begins to rise at an easy ascent near or after of Banka, Barahat, so south of Banka hilly tracts commence. Thus the district of Banka has 60% of hilly area.
The river Belharni and Barua flows in the north-western area of the district. Chanan and Orhni flows from middle of the district. The river Cheer meets river Chanan in the north- eastern of Mandar Giri which rises in the east of Mandar.
The plains of Banka is formed from several streams of the these river. The plain area is very fertile.
These river are perennial. It almost dries in summer but are flood effect in rainy season.
Chanan and Barua rivers has been made useful by constructing embankments and channels. These channels irrigates the fertile lands as well as prevents floods also.
As a result of these channels water from rivers of the district is self sufficient in production of grain, fruits, vegetables etc.
A famous temple dedicated to the Hindu goddess Durga is located in Jagatpur, Karharia, Kushmaha, Kunauni, Laxmipur Dam, Banka, Babhangama. Every year during Durga Puja, devotees from many parts of India visit this temple. Two temples—Narshimha (one of the incarnations of Vishnu) Temple and Digamber Jain Tirthanakar—are located at the top of a mountain known as Mandar Parbat, which is about 500 metres (1,600 ft) tall and made of a single piece of stone. The management of the Narsimha temple is under a trust. There is also a very old Avantika Nath temple at the bottom of Mandar Parvat.
The Avantika Nath Temple Trust, founded by the late Babu Biro Singh of the village of Sabalpur, looks after the temple. Kailash Pathak is the Sevayat of the Avantika Nath temple. A famous temple of Lord SHIVA is in Jethore hill near Chanan river. Literal meaning of Jethore is jyesth means elder Gaur means brother of Deoghar temple. Maa kali mandir in KAMALPUR village is very famous temple. A Mahalakshmi temple is located in front of Paapharni Pond. Recently a Lakshminarayan Temple was built in the center of Paapharni through the contributions of local people. It is managed by a trust headed by Fateh Bahadur Singh of erstwhile Sabalpur state.
The district is known for its rich tribal culture and its handicrafts and hand looms. The homemade Khadi and silk of the area are popular. Most of the raw silk cocoon is produced in Katoria; in fact major part of the raw materials required for silk industry in Bhagalpur is supplied from Katoria.